Satyam Bruyat

Major difference between MS and MD

Major difference between MS and MD

It is well known to all those aspiring to become a doctor that MS is a master’s degree in general surgery while MD is a master’s degree in general medicine. Both these are post graduation courses and only after completing MBBS course, students of medical line can take admission in any one of these courses as per their wish. The study area of ​​MD includes non-surgical branch whereas MS covers only surgical studies. Similarly, if you want to become a heart surgeon or neurosurgeon then you should take admission in MS course after completing your MBBS. But, if you want to become a General Physician then you should take admission in MD degree course.

There are many branches of study in MS and MD. MBBS graduates can choose their study subject and stream as per their choice and passion. After successfully completing MD or MS course, you can apply to get jobs in government and private sector hospitals. Apart from this, you can open your own clinic, nursing home or hospital. Another option for medicine graduates is that they can join a medical college as a teaching faculty.

Future Scope of MS and MD

The prospects for MS and MD courses differ with respect to job roles, profiles and salaries. The person who has done MS will become a surgeon and the person who has done MD course will become a physician. It is quite common that the responsibilities of a surgeon are always more than that of a physician. Apart from this, the earning of a surgeon is more than that of a general physician. However, the incubation period in MS course is longer than the duration of MD course. A surgeon can do the work of a general physician if he has good knowledge of medicine but, a physician can never become a surgeon.

However, it completely depends on the aptitude, passion and choice of a candidate or student whether to do MS course or MD course. The career prospects in both the above areas are very good and with the passage of time, more and more rewards become.

Popular Specializations in MS and MD

Following are the popular specialization courses in MD and MS degrees:


M / s

Neurology and Anaesthesiology

plastic Surgery

Obstetrics and Gynecology

pediatric surgery






cardio-thoracic surgery



internal medicine





cosmetic surgery


cardiac surgery




Duration of MS and MD courses

Often, MS or MD course is completed in 3 years but, for any master specialization course a candidate has to spend 2 more years after completing MS or MD course.

Do MD / MS courses from these top institutes in India

Following are some of the top medical institutes for pursuing MD or MS courses:

  • AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences), New Delhi
  • CMC (Christian Medical College), Vellore
  • SGPGI (Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences), Lucknow
  • JIPMER (Jawahar Lal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research), Pondicherry
  • PGI (Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research), Chandigarh
  • St. John’s Medical College, Bangalore
  • Stanley Medical College, Chennai
  • AFMC, Pune
  • Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi

These are the top career options after MBBS

hospital management

Hospital Management has emerged as the most preferred career option for MBBS graduates. It is the ideal career option for those candidates who do not want to work as a physician or surgeon but as a manager. Furthermore, hospital management is a rewarding career option and does not involve the strenuous work and duties that are often involved in the work role of a general physician or surgeon. Salary package is also very good in hospital management. IIMs (Indian Institute of Management) offers this course, which guarantees 100% campus placement. The duration of this course is of 2 years.

clinical practice

Clinical practice course is becoming very popular these days among MBBS graduates who do not want to pursue higher studies but want to open their own clinics. Clinical practice not only gives financial freedom but also gives you the flexibility to work at your own pace. After completing your MBBS, you can open your own nursing home or hospital according to your budget, work-force and skill set.

Popularity of MS or MD courses in India

Even now, we have the same fact that students or candidates should choose their study stream very carefully on the basis of their interest and aptitude. Whether it is an MD course or an MS course, it is entirely up to the candidates to choose the most suitable study course from the above two courses without coming under the influence of the outside world. MS course as a subject can be done by only those people who have strong heart and have a lot of interest in surgery course. To be successful in this profession, you must have a proper mix of all the qualities like Artistic Skills, Knowledge, Passion, Dedication and Hard Work.

The percentage of students doing MD and MS is almost the same. However, nowadays, after completing MBBS course, students are also pursuing MBA in Hospital Administration. Some students also prepare for the IAS exam so that after getting MBBS degree, they can join health and medical services.

Salary Package for MS and MD Professionals

After completing postgraduation and super specialization in medicine, you can work in a hospital or, to gain more experience, work as a teaching faculty in a medical college, you can collaborate with a private hospital to start your own business. Private clinics can also be opened. As a teacher in a medical college, you can easily earn Rs.60,000/- per month.

The salary of a surgeon completely depends on his experience, talent and skill. On an average, a surgeon after completing MS course earns Rs. Can earn 1 lakh per month. The salary of Skilled Surgeons is very good according to their experience and skill.

The salary of a General Physician and Surgeon also depends on many other factors such as, type of clinic, city, hospital set-up etc. and medical specializations. A doctor working in a famous hospital of a metro city will definitely get a better salary than a doctor working in a rural area.

Professionals can give these entrance exams after MBBS

To pursue medical post graduate courses in MD and MS, candidates/students have to clear the Common Entrance Test – NEET PG (National Eligibility and Entrance Test). The syllabus of all the 3 years is included in the CET Exams. During counselling, any one of the above branches is selected. Students must know their area of ​​interest and aptitude so that they can choose their study branch or stream according to their passion and interest.

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