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Courses in Medicine , Scope, Salary and duration

Courses in Medicine and Duration of those courses

Generally, students can do specialization in core medical courses after passing 10+2 class. Here is a list of courses that students can choose to pursue a medical degree in order to build their stellar career:

Undergraduate courses in Medicine

After completing an undergraduate course in medicine, a student aspiring to get a medical degree gets the illustrious title of ‘MBBS Doctor’. MBBS is the short form of Bachelor of Medicine. The duration of MBBS course is 5 years which includes 6 months of training to complete the degree programme.

postgraduate courses Courses in Medicine

Post graduation in the field of medicine is known as MD (Doctor of Medicine). It is a super-specialization in the field of medicine and the duration of this course is 3 years.

doctoral courses Courses in Medicine

After obtaining an MD degree, students can continue with higher studies to become a DM. DM degree is equivalent to PhD degree. The duration of doctoral course is 3-4 years. This duration also depends on the time taken to complete the thesis as per the university guidelines.

How to get admission in medical colleges?

To get admission in a medical college, it takes a lot of hard work and determination. For this profession, you should not only have professional commitment but also have the zeal to save the life of a patient. Therefore, you must follow the admission process completely to get this degree. Now let us discuss the eligibility criteria and entrance exams required to take admission in medical courses.

Eligibility For Admission in Courses in Medicine

undergraduate course

This undergraduate course is known as MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery). Students studying Physics, Chemistry and Biology in 10+2 class who have secured at least 55% marks in class 12th can apply for the entrance exam to take admission in MBBS course.

Postgraduate Courses in Medicine

To get MD (Doctor of Medicine) degree, the student must have MBBS degree and internship experience.

Doctoral Courses in Medicine

DM: This is a doctoral degree that many universities in the US offer to successful students. This degree is equivalent to PhD degree. Doctors who have MD degree can do this course.

salary prospects

An MBBS doctor gets around 3-4 lakhs salary at the beginning of his career. As their experience and knowledge increases, the salary of doctors also increases. After a few years of experience, doctors get very good salary packages.

Entrance exams

Undergraduate exams

• AIPMT (All India Pre-Medical/ Pre-Dental Test)

• AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Science Entrance Test)

• JIPMER (Jawahar Lal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research) Medical Entrance Test

• Christian Medical College Entrance Exam

• Banaras Hindu University Pre-Medical Test (BHU-PMT)

• Manipal University Admission Test for Undergraduate Studies

Postgraduate exams

• AIPGEE (All India Post Graduate Medical Entrance Exam)

• DUPGMT (Delhi University Post Graduate Medical Entrance Exam)

Doctoral course exam



What is MBBS in Medicine?

MBBS is an undergraduate degree or first professional degree in the field of medical science. The goal of MBBS courses is to train students in the field of medicine. On completion of MBBS, a person becomes eligible to prescribe medicines to patients after diagnosing them. After obtaining MBBS degree, one can add the word ‘Doctor’ in front of his/her name.

Various Streams of Medicine Course

Students specializing in Medicine, during this 5-year course, gain knowledge about various fields. Following is the information about some of the specializations:

human anatomy

This is a basic subject taught under Medicine. It deals with the subject of anatomy which includes macroscopic and microscopic anatomy of the human body.


This branch of medicine is concerned with the chemical processes taking place inside the human body. Along with this, it focuses on understanding the effect of chemical processes on human organs.


This specialization deals with diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal system of your body. Students doing MBBS can also do MD in this subject later.


The focus area of ​​this topic is to provide information about X-rays, gamma rays, electron beams or protons in order to reduce or eliminate disorders such as cancer cells in the human body.


In this subject, you read about the structure of the eye and how it works. In this topic, a lot of information is also given about various diseases of the eyes and their treatment.


In the subject of Anesthesiology, you are given information about whether or not you feel pain in the whole body or any part of the body, with or without consciousness i.e. conscious or unconscious, so that major / minor operations of the patients can be done. Therefore, you have to read this topic very carefully.

Human physiology

The topic of Human Physiology gives information about the effect of mechanical, physical, bioelectrical or biochemical functions on humans.

Medicine graduates are taught many other subjects. In higher studies like MD, students can specialize in any one of these subjects.

Scope of MBBS (Medicine) Degree

Whether it is a private or government sector, any MBBS doctor has a special significance. Along with getting a very good salary package, doctors get respect and special recognition due to their skills. There is continuous development in India and special attention is being paid towards health care facilities. Services like ‘Air Dispensary’ provided through helicopters across the country, vaccination programs at the national level to improve the health of the people of the village, National Nutrition Mission (NNM) and many other development works have increased the importance of such doctors. It is given to those who want to work outside the boundary wall of the hospital.

So here is a list of industries and fields in which a medicine doctor can work according to his/her interest.


These are the places where all the sick people come to the doctors to get treatment for their diseases and problems.

Pharmaceutical and medical companies

Researchers and especially medicine doctors can make a great career in medical companies. Nowadays famous companies like Cipla, Ranbexi, Glaxo Smith Klin and many others invest millions of dollars to invent medicines to prevent diseases or to avoid diseases.

medical colleges

Medicine doctors can also make a career in teaching. This gives them great opportunities to share their knowledge with the budding doctors.

Biotechnology Companies

Biotechnology is a special trend nowadays, under which the demand for medicine doctors is increasing a lot. The contribution of medicine doctors is very important to find out the right formula for any experiment and to get success in research work.

private practice

After many years of experience in the field of medicine, a doctor can open his/her own private clinic. Usually people do not like to change their doctor when they get the right treatment and go to the same doctor continuously. Therefore, there is a huge rush of patients in the clinic of good doctors.

What does a medicine doctor do?

Students aspiring to do MBBS, who have mastered the field of medicine, are known as physicians. The job of physicians is to find out the cause of the disease. Thereafter, they prescribe a treatment course or suitable medicine to the patient. They are experts in checking the results of clinical tests.

To become a doctor in the field of medicine, it is very important for any person to adopt a responsible attitude towards handling and managing the emotions of other people. Their IQ and EQ are high. It is important for doctors to remain politicized and patient while treating patients.

Career Prospects for Medical Professionals

Medical profession offers very good career growth for the students seeking medical degree. There are many job opportunities in the medical field for healthcare practitioners. Now let us discuss the various job profiles and their associated salary packages:

job profiles

• Junior Doctor

• Doctors

• physician

• Junior surgeons

• Medical Professor or Lecturer

• Researcher

• scientist

Top Medical Colleges in India

Healthcare has become a lifeline for the prosperity and growth of our economy. To continue this growth, Medical Colleges/Institutes play a very important role in producing highly skilled doctors who are ready to face and find solutions to the challenges faced in the field of Medicine.

Here is a list of top 10 medical colleges from where you can do any specialization course in medicine according to your interest. This list has been prepared from the NIRF ranking which has been released by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and this list is considered as a special benchmark for colleges in India.

Serial number             Institute                       Location

1 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi New Delhi

2 Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research Chandigarh

3 Christian Medical College Vellore, Tamil Nadu

4 Kasturba Medical College Manipal, Karnataka

5 King George’s Medical University Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

6 Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research Puducherry

7 Banaras Hindu University Uttar Pradesh

8 institute of liver and biliary sciences New Delhi

9 Aligarh Muslim University Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh

10 Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute Chennai

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